About the Dynamic Periodic Table

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If you have a question about this periodic table that's not on this page or you would like to follow up on one of the below questions, contact me.

How do I cite this in my bibliography?
Dayah, M. (1997, October 1). Dynamic Periodic Table. Retrieved May 25, 2016, from Ptable: http://www.ptable.com
Dayah, Michael. Dynamic Periodic Table. 1 Oct. 1997. Web. 25 May 2016 <http://www.ptable.com>.
What makes this periodic table different?
Watch a demo of all the site's functionality!
A true web application.
Many other periodic tables use the word interactive to describe themselves while offering nothing more than links to pages of data about elements. Pages of data are fine, and Ptable "outsources" these write-ups to others like Wikipedia and WebElements through the dropdown in the first tab. Ptable shines when used as a true application, more interactive and dynamic than any standalone software. Please continue reading to learn about all the interesting things you can do with Ptable that make Mendeleev's creation come alive.
All HTML. No images. No Flash.
This gives all the scalability and accessibility of a normal web page while looking better than image or Flash out there. Highlight and copy data, print, and resize to suit your vision, just like you would with any web page. Your browser's View, Text Size scales the table up or down as you choose.
Multiple write-up sources.
In addition to Wikipedia descriptions in all languages, write-ups, photos, videos, and even podcasts are offered in the first tab's dropdown. Write-up windows can even be torn off or docked to the edges (depending on your pop-up blocker settings) to allow simultaneous use of the table while reading.
Instantly change layouts.
Use the check boxes at the top of the page to dynamically switch between simple, with names, with electron configuration, and inline inner transition metals. View as much or as little information as you'd like. If you haven't clicked any layouts, they will automatically switch to fit the width of your screen as you resize.
Realtime data view.
Select Properties and move your mouse over any element to instantly update 16 properties as well as a detailed view of that element.
Instantly swap data.
Only want to see one piece of data at a time, like electronegativity? Whatever you choose in the Properties tab appears in place of atomic weight.
Visualize trends.
Does atomic radius increase or decrease with group? Select it and the color of all elements will change in proportion to their values.
Reliable source data.
Data is acquired from primary sources and curated libraries such as the excellent Wolfram|Alpha. Ptable tries to be a good steward by giving feedback to these primary sources when errors are found. Layout and presentation were reviewed by the world's foremost periodic table academic, Eric Scerri. Significant digits are preserved in readouts whenever space permits. Translations and non-English element names, however, should be considered no more reliable than Wikipedia.
State of matter slider.
Drag the slider above the nonmetals and see the state of matter of each element at that temperature.
Time machine.
After selecting discovery year in Properties, use the slider to go back in time and display only the elements discovered by that year.
Data subsets.
Once you've selected a dataset, the slider area reveals related properties. After selecting radius, for example, covalent, empirical, calculated, and van der Waals radii are available. All told, the slider area exposes another 17 properties in addition to the 16 shown, not including the first 30 ionization energies, allowing efficiency functioning on multiple levels and in multiple dimensions.
Complete orbital readout for each element's ground state, quantum numbers, oxidation states, and diagram following Hund's rules. Hover over each electron pair for a 3-D view of that orbital or hover over the element to view its highest energy level electron pair.
Click an element in the isotope view to overlay selected or all known isotopes. Hover over to fan through like a deck of cards as 5 properties update including half-life. Borders indicate primary decay mode.
Compound mixing.
Click elements in the compounds tab to see possible compounds they form, complete with Wikipedia articles when available. As you narrow your search, other elements that do not form compounds with your chosen elements will dim. Elements that do combine will show the number of potential compounds in their atomic weight area. Miniature elements will appear in the close-up area which you can adjust with arrows to only match compounds with a specific number of that atom.
Compound searching.
Type the CAS number or name of a compound to find all matching compounds. As you search, elements not in matching compounds will dim. Typing acid in the slider area search box dims all but the nonmetals. Looking at the numbers in the atomic weight area, we can see that there are about 300-400 acids, and most contain hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen.
Formula searching.
Enter a formula into the slider area search box to find all compounds matching those elements, regardless of the order in which you enter them. Require an exact formula by adjusting the miniature elements in the slider area or entering the formula's subscript numbers.
Dozens of languages.
Element names in dozens of languages, even Asian scripts. If your browser sends a compatible language header, you'll be automatically served the site in the language you prefer. Force a different language using the drop down box. Why is it important for the periodic table to be offered in so many languages?
Symbol origins.
Why is lead Pb and mercury Hg? Choose the Latin translation to see the origin of element symbols.
Instant search.
Can't seem to find an element? Type its name, symbol, or atomic number into the box at the top right and it will instantly highlight. You can even do advanced searches. Entering ~200 in the first tab finds the element with atomic weight nearest 200. Searching for =3 in Orbitals highlights all elements with oxidation state +3. Even expressions like >1000 or 400-800 confine results to those ranges.
Tablet friendly.
Layouts for your tablet allow viewing on the go in both portrait and landscape rotations.
Never reloads.
Whether you're changing layouts, visualizing data, boiling and freezing elements, searching, or browsing Wikipedia, the site will never interrupt your session by reloading, opening new windows, or resizing your window. Quite the contrary; the site will show you as much as possible without horizontal scrolling as you resize. Click the Ptable logo to reset most options and fit to width.
Deep linking.
Want to save the URL for a specific visualization or send someone a link to a list of compound search results you're viewing? Just send them the URL in the address bar and they will see what you are seeing.
Offline availability.
Most browsers, tablets, and phones can store the site and its data for use offline. Firefox prompts you with a notification bar at the top while Chrome and Safari just go ahead and save it. Revisit www.ptable.com when not online and your browser will show you the saved copy with fully-functional Properties and Orbitals tabs.
Print any view or visualization you can see. The print style sheet will take care of removing extraneous clutter. Just remember to print background colors (Internet Explorer, Firefox, Safari), select landscape, and minimize the margins.
Latest new elements
The day a new element is discovered or synthesized, we'll have the details for you. We even keep up with new, more precise relative atomic weights as IUPAC publishes them.
Small and fast.
Built from the ground up to be extremely fast and efficient, the total amount of JavaScript powering Ptable is smaller than jQuery and is extensively stateful and modal (like vi). Other sites' strength and their speed are still based in a world that is built on libraries. Because of that, they will never be as strong or as fast as Ptable.
Keyboard accessible.
Not a mouse user? Your keyboard's tab and arrow keys expose the full functionality of the site. Enter and Escape open and close the Wikipedia window, just like you'd expect. Arrow keys, PgUp/PgDn, and Home/End also manipulate the slider when activated.
Flexible interface.
Whether you prefer to hover around or click to view data, the site accommodates you by offering a click-to-lock interface in the Properties and Orbitals tabs. Hovering accesses most of the interactivity until the first click, which locks whatever element you're viewing in place until another is clicked or the same element is clicked again to revert to hover mode. Hovering is never necessary to reveal data or interactivity; clicks do it all—important for tablets and interactive whiteboards like the SMART Board.
Periodic table cookie cake
Can I buy a poster?
We're currently looking into producing a periodic table poster. First, we'll need some feedback from you on what size, paper, and finish you'd like. The poster will be truly unique. More details forthcoming.
Can I print it?
The PDF can be distributed as is in printed form without permission provided it or whatever it is included in is not sold for any amount of money. It must also be offered in its original form with no additional or removed branding. Contact me if this is unclear or to inquire about including it in published materials. I'll most likely let you use it but request a copy of whatever it's going into.
Can I link to it?
By all means, but only if you think it's the best. Links also increase its rank in search engines and help more people find it. Please don't place it in a slew of dozens of links to periodic tables. This isn't 1996 and if your visitors want a list of links they'll visit Google. Exercise your editorial judgment as a webmaster and send them to the resource you believe is best.
Can I upload it to my site?
Electronic redistribution is strictly prohibited. Do not save the site or any portion of it and then offer it to others through electronic means including but not limited to a web site, CD, or flash drive. Secondary reproductions in an educational context are allowed. For example, recording and annotating a video of the site to illustrate periodic trends and then uploading this to YouTube is acceptable. Contact me for clarification.
When was it made?
Ptable has a rich history stretching back to September 1997, a year before the founding of Google. It was introduced as a piece of HTML artwork and published to the web October 1, 1997. Simple dictionary element descriptions were added later in December. A version utilizing HTML 4 and CSS was introduced March 1999 and replaced the original version September 2004. Wikipedia integration and the addition of other languages came in August 2005. Dynamic layout switching was later added in September. The first low resolution-friendly layout (no names) came in October 2006. Interactivity was radically enhanced throughout summer 2007 and continues into the present day. Enjoy historic versions.
HTML <table>s?
Yes. Please read jwz's rant on the topic and my rediscovery of the contradiction. Put simply, if you're finding it clumsy or hackish to structure the overall layout with CSS (without going outside of the flow), you have failed to understand the goal of CSS.
Privacy policy
This web server retains only standard access logs. No personal information is collected. Logs will not be shared with any other entity. Cookies store site preferences such as layout and last used tab.
The contact form is preferred. Also check out my essays and photos or become a fan of the site on Facebook. To keep up with minor site changes, follow Ptable on Twitter. Lastly, you can call or text +1 (740) 4-PTABLE.
Don't worry about my operational costs; this isn't the BBS days. The site can serve a couple million people a month for a Frappuccino a week. However, if you wish to show your appreciation and inspire further enhancement, consider writing me a letter.